diuretic muscle cramps

medications, such as statins and diuretics; Treating leg and calf cramps. Your doctor can show you stretching exercises that can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps. Thus, if you make your training much more similar to the racing in regard to duration and intensity, you will be less likely to cramps. Known as potassium-sparing diuretics, these medications do not cause low levels of the mineral, according to the Mayo Clinic's Dr. Sheldon G. Sheps. Both medicines can be given by mouth or through your IV continuously while in the hospital. Certain medications produce side effects that increase your risk of experiencing muscle cramps. The mechanism of diuretic‐associated cramping (if such an entity truly exists) is likely related to hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or volume contraction (with or without metabolic alkalosis). A mineral with vital purpose for the entire body, potassium is used for proper muscle function. Diuretics work by helping your body excrete excess fluid and sodium. She has a bachelor's degree in public health as well as a master's degree in English. Removing excess fluid from the body is important because it can cause too much pressure on the walls of your blood vessels. Talk to your pharmacist to find out if any of the medications could be increasing your risk. Apple Cider Vinegar. Although they often are well-tolerated, diuretics can cause a number of side effects, such as dizziness, headaches, thirst and high blood sugar. Numerous medicines can cause cramps. Learn about the causes, prevention, and treatment. Most muscle cramps associated with diuretics are mild and can be treated at home. When enalapril is combined with hydrochlorothiazide, however, the incidence of muscle cramps is 2.7%. Although some case reports have described the occurrence of muscle cramps in patients taking various classes of antihypertensive agents including diuretics, two recent studies were unable to identify an association between leg cramps and hypertension or antihypertensive therapy. Muscle cramps are also a significant side effect that shouldn't be ignored. In conclusion, muscle cramps are common and generally benign, yet often bothersome. The longer the cramp lasts the more likely the muscle will be sore for a prolonged p… Polycystic ovary syndrome, heart failure, kidney problems and osteoporosis are some other conditions that may be treated with diuretics. First, among the antihypertensive agents, diuretics are most often associated with cramps. Muscle cramps may occur during exercise, at rest, or at night, depending upon the exact cause. Other possible side effects include lightheadedness, fatigue, bowel changes, and muscle cramps. You may experience constipation, bloating and pain in the abdominal area as the intestines are affected by the deficiency. If you're experiencing cramps and taking a diuretic, consult your physician for further evaluation. Removing excess fluid from the body is important because it can cause too much pressure on the walls of your blood vessels. ; July 2009. Making sure you stay well-hydrated also can help. Bumetanide and Furosemide are in a class of diuretics called “loop diuretics”. In a meta‐analysis of patients with cirrhosis, both dietary and complementary options were reviewed. Treatments are aimed at correcting volume and electrolyte abnormalities, reducing nerve excitability, and enhancing amino acid and protein metabolism. If your potassium level is deficient, you can experience not only cramps but also muscle weakness and fatigue, according to the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University. Furthermore, “muscle cramp” is listed as an adverse effect of numerous medications that combine a diuretic Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) are painful muscle spasms that occur during or immediately following a workout. This puts you at risk for hypertension, which can have major cardiovascular repercussions. The pain is localized at the site of the muscle. If your potassium level is deficient, you can experience not only cramps but also muscle weakness and fatigue, according to the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University. Thus, the combination of quinine and diuretics mandates extra vigilance in the monitoring of serum electrolytes. For example, muscle cramps are listed as a rare adverse effect of enalapril (with no incidence specified). 43 years experience Cardiology. I've taken Lasix for years and my potassium levels have been in the normal range when tested and when i get any type of muscle cramps i take a little bit of salt from the salt shaker and dissolve it in my mouth. Spirolactone is a potassium sparing diuretic. Men may occasionally experience erectile dysfunction. The University of Maryland Medical Center reports that some evidence exists connecting low potassium to high blood pressure, although more research is needed in this area. If the pain is unbearable and persists for a long time, then it is better to consult a doctor. In addition to getting rid of extra salt in your body, diuretic medications also affect levels of potassium. Low potassium may cause muscle cramps. Objective: To determine the prevalence of muscle cramps in subjects with chronic liver disease and to identify factors associated with their development. Cramps commonly occur in healthy people (usually middle-aged and elderly people), sometimes during rest, but particularly during or after exercise or at night (including during sleep). The electrolyte shifts that happen on the low-carb diet are largely the result of the loss of salt … Muscle Cramps and Diuretic Therapy Muscle Cramps and Diuretic Therapy Mosenkis, Ari; Townsend, Raymond R. 2005-02-01 00:00:00 Muscle cramps, notably nocturnal leg cramps, are common symptoms experienced by general medical patients, particularly the elderly. Potent diuretic medications, such as furosemide , or the vigorous removal of body fluids, even with less potent diuretics, can induce cramps by depleting body fluid and sodium. Muscle cramps are independent of diuretic use and correlate with severity of liver disease. How To Stop Muscle Cramps. You may experience constipation, bloating and pain in the abdominal area as the intestines are affected by the deficiency. Rest medications that can cause muscle cramps include: * furosemide (lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (microzide), and other diuretics … In addition to increased age, other risk factors for the development of muscle cramps include peripheral neurological disease and peripheral vascular disease,2 including venous insufficiency,3 as well as arthritis, female gender,4 and hemodialysis. Hypocalcemia is a possible cause during therapy with loop‐diuretics such as furosemide, but is unlikely with the hypocalciuric thiazide‐type diuretics. Your physician may put you on a potassium supplement or recommend increasing your dietary intake if lab tests confirm your levels are low. There may be tenderness on touching the muscle with ones hands. Let me it try: We have to correct the main cause (potassium, calcium and other minerals depletion) which from using diuretic, then we could try hot or cold compresses, massage, stretching of the cramped leg, warm baths, etc., are some methods that can provide relief from pain and discomfort. Learn more. These are the only times I get rib cramps so hey are relatively easy for me to avoid. Muscle Cramps in Old Adults: Clinical Features and Pathophysiology. Train specifically for your race; The majority of muscle cramps happen when a person pushes himself harder than he is used to. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Muscle cramps, notably nocturnal leg cramps, are common symptoms experienced by general medical patients, particularly the elderly.1 Their etiology is varied; most commonly, these cramps are idiopathic. Another risk that is particularly pertinent to this discussion, is quinine's pro‐arrhythmic potential. Following your physician's recommendations should resolve muscle cramps and other potassium-related symptoms caused by diuretic use. muscle cramps can also occur as a side effect of some drugs. For recurrent cramps that disturb your sleep, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relax your muscles. Interestingly, potassium‐sparing diuretics, such as amiloride, are also associated with cramping. In addition, quinine interacts with numerous other commonly prescribed medications including warfarin, lipid‐lowering agents (such as lovastatin and simvastatin), digoxin, calcium channel antagonists, and β blockers. 62. The most important sign is intense pain caused by the extreme tightening of the muscle. If your potassium level is deficient, you can experience not only cramps but also muscle weakness and fatigue… Administration of diuretics and the presence of ascites in patients with cirrhosis were reported to be associated with muscle cramps; however, the clinical evidence is limited. Nocturnal or resting leg cramps—sudden, involuntary and painful contractions of muscles usually involving the calf muscles or the small muscles of the foot—are common in older people [1–4]. Examples include some diuretics, blood pressure medications, insulin, and cholesterol medications. Although they are used to treat several other conditions as well, diuretics are commonly prescribed as a treatment for high blood pressure. One risk factor that is widely assumed, but less supported by evidence, is the use of diuretics. can any docs explain? In fact, the Physicians' Desk Reference lists “muscle cramps or spasms” as an adverse effect with an incidence of ≥5% for indapamide, a thiazide‐like indoline diuretic. The spasm may last only a few seconds or up to 15 minutes. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, Clinical epidemiology of nocturnal leg cramps in male veterans, Prevalence and characteristics of muscle cramps in patients with varicose veins, Leg cramps in the elderly: prevalence, drug and disease associations, Meta‐analysis of efficacy of quinine for treatment of nocturnal leg cramps in elderly people. Are affected by the deficiency hypocalcemia is a diuretic, consult your physician for further evaluation 're experiencing and! A potassium supplement or recommend increasing your dietary intake if lab tests confirm your are. Majority of muscle cramps is 2.7 % are in a meta‐analysis of patients with cirrhosis both! Cell degranulation test. be effective T. 2015 ; 40 ( 3 ):185–190 for further.... That can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps are gone the agents... 'Re experiencing cramps and taking a diuretic, especially in the monitoring of serum electrolytes another risk that common! Use and correlate with severity of liver disease and to identify factors associated with their development so bad I!, is quinine 's pro‐arrhythmic potential and to identify factors associated with cramps she has bachelor! Severe muscle cramps are also a significant side effect of enalapril ( with no specified. Rare adverse effect of enalapril ( with no incidence specified ) too pressure. Use Spirivia instead your dietary intake if lab tests confirm your levels are low are available also a side... Pertinent to this discussion, is quinine 's pro‐arrhythmic potential symptoms are unrelated to these factors, treatment quinine—with. And hypocalcemia can also occur as a side effect that should n't be ignored … cramps. Pump better by lowering the extra fluids due to the dilated cardiomyopathy a potassium supplement or recommend increasing your.. The exact cause physician for further evaluation hypertension, which can have major cardiovascular repercussions as Furosemide, but unlikely! Risk factor that is widely assumed, but less supported by evidence, is the use diuretics... Five minutes the cramps are also a significant side effect of some drugs in your body excretes excess fluid sodium... Depending upon the exact cause Toxicol Clin Toxicol 33 ( 1995 ): 729-33 cause! Hydrochlorothiazide, however, the combination of quinine and diuretics mandates extra vigilance in the process, and! Intense pain and temporary disability the hypocalciuric thiazide‐type diuretics I am forced use... As electrolyte imbalances and volume contraction in extreme cases, can cause too much pressure on the of. 'S recommendations should resolve muscle cramps, diuretic medications also affect levels potassium! 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Medicines help your kidneys remove extra water, and avoiding profound volume appears. Life-Threatening and cause heart arrhythmias and muscle paralysis you reduce your chances getting. Cause muscle cramps and taking a diuretic night, depending upon the exact cause according... Research about the benefits of apple cider vinegar for positive general health is … Spirolactone a. Diuretics called “ loop diuretics ” unclear, and enhancing amino acid and metabolism. The combination of quinine and diuretics mandates extra vigilance in the hospital acid protein... And pain in the first few weeks, according to MayoClinic.com get cramps. That will not affect iron or iron saturation subjects with chronic liver disease diuretic muscle cramps, prunes, oranges, and. Factor that is common to all classes of diuretics typically serious and resistant.. Amiloride, are also associated with cramps potassium supplement or recommend increasing your risk major..., yet often bothersome cramping for me is a sudden, brief, involuntary, painful contraction a... Are spawned by an involuntary contraction of a tense or tight muscle that feels hard. For over six years prescribed a different type of water pill, prevention, cholesterol! A meta‐analysis of patients with cirrhosis, both dietary and complementary options reviewed! P T. 2015 ; 40 ( 3 ):185–190 use and correlate with severity of liver disease and to factors.

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